A polyglycolic acid mesh (PGA) served as a reference
group. Controls were analyzed 48 h after seeding porcine chondrocytes via scanning electron microscopy (SEM), DNA, and glycosaminoglycan (GAG) quantifications. constructs were cultured Crenolanib solubility dmso for 21 days prior to confocal microscopy, SEM, histology, and quantitive analysis (weight, water, DNA, GAG and collagen II). Chondrocytes maintained their phenotypic appearance and a viability above 85% oil the chitosan scaffolds. Chondrocytes attach preferentially to PGA, resulting in a greater cellularity of these constructs. However, based oil the GAG/DNA and Collagen II/DNA ratios, matrix production per chondrocyte was improved ill chitosan Constructs, especially on smaller fibers. The differences between PGA and chitosan are more likely to result from the chemical composition rather than their structural characteristics. Although chitosan appears to promote selleck inhibitor matrix formation, further Studies should be aimed at improving its cell adhesion properties. (C) 2009 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. I Biomed Mater Res 93A: 46-55, 2010″
“Objective To compare experiences, attitudes, and beliefs of immigrant and nonimmigrant women presenting for abortion with regard to contraception,
and to identify difficulties involved in accessing contraception in Canada.\n\nDesign A survey of immigrant and nonimmigrant women asking about women’s experiences with and attitudes toward contraceptives and any barriers to contraceptive access they have encountered. Demographic data including ethnicity, country of origin, and length of residence in Canada
were collected.\n\nSetting Two urban abortion clinics.\n\nParticipants Women presenting for first-trimester abortion.\n\nMain outcome measures Type of contraception used when the unwanted pregnancy was conceived, attitudes to contraceptives, and barriers to access of contraceptives.\n\nResults A total of 999 women completed questionnaires during the study period (75.9% response rate); 466 of them (46.6%) were born in Canada. Immigrant women presenting for abortion were less likely to be using hormonal contraception when SNS-032 concentration they got pregnant (12.5% vs 23.5%, P<.001) and had more negative attitudes toward hormonal contraception (62.6% vs 51.6%, P<.003). They reported having more difficulties accessing contraception before the abortion (24.8% vs 15.3%, P<.001) than nonimmigrant women did. About half of all the women expressed fear about intrauterine device use. The longer immigrant women had lived in Canada, the more likely they were to have similar responses to those of Canadian-born women.\n\nConclusion The information provided by this study might be valuable for family doctors and other clinicians to improve contraceptive information resources for immigrants to address existing knowledge gaps and other culturally relevant concerns.