The origin of index cases was highly consistent with population migration routes and countries most frequently visited by French tourists as shown by a nationwide study. This fact justifies screening and presumptive isolation with contact precautions of patients transferred from or previously hospitalized abroad. Although returned travelers who have neither been ill nor hospitalized during travel can acquire resistant bacteria, at present, the risk does
not seem high enough to justify routinely screening all hospitalized patients with history of recent travel. If the number of CPE events
increased between 2004 and 2011, the number of outbreaks Talazoparib remained low, eg, only three outbreaks occurred in 2011, contrasting with 40 reported events during the same period. This fact emphasizes the efficacy of the specific control measures of the AP-HP “emergent MDR” program[7, 9] and specially screening and isolating patients transferred from foreign hospitals. The AP-HP program has been subsequently extended at the national level by health authorities. Importantly, intensive care units are the first wards concerned by repatriation of CPE carriers patients in our study and physicians must be
alerted of this risk. In conclusion, proactive strategy PF-02341066 cell line to control spread of antibiotic resistance such as CPE should include systematic screening and isolation of patients transferred from or previously hospitalized abroad. The authors state that they have no conflicts of interest to declare. Antoine Andremont, Frédéric Barbut, Edouard Bingen, Christine Inositol oxygenase Bonnal, Emmanuelle Cambau, Anne Carbonne, Anne Casetta, Jacques Chemardin, Jean-Winoc Decousser, Catherine Doit, Florence Doucet-Populaire, Laurence Drieux-Rouzet, Florence Espinasse, Nicolas Fortineau, Jean-Louis Gaillard, Jean-Michel Guérin, Laurent Gutmann, Béate Heym, Guillaume Kac, Christine Lawrence, Patrick Legrand, Jean-Christophe Lucet, Simone Nerome, Marie-Hélène Nicolas-Chanoine, Patrice Nordmann, Jean-Claude Petit, Bertrand Picard, Claire Poyart, Laurent Raskine, Jérôme Robert, Martine Rouveau, Delphine Seytre, and Isabelle Simon. “
“Background. Increasing air travel has resulted in a significant increase in aeromedical evacuation (AE) over the past decade. However, there are limited epidemiological data available on the diagnosis, costs, and transport characteristics of AE cases. Methods.