However, studies have not yet been conducted to ascertain its role in prevention of hepatotoxicity. Aim: This study was planned to elucidate the role of wheat grass if any on liver function tests (LFT), antioxidants enzymes and histoarchitecture in hepatotoxicity conditions induced by Carbon tetra chloride (CCl4). Methods: 42 female
Wistar rats were divided into 7 groups. Group 1 (Normal control): Rats were given normal saline subcutaneously (SC). Group 2: CCl4 was administered SC at a dose of 2 ml/kg b.wt twice/week for 4 weeks. Group 3–6: – Rats in these groups received orally wheatgrass dissolved in water at different doses of 20 mg, 40 mg, 60 mg and 80 mg/100 g b.wt and CCl4 as was given to group 2 animals. Wheatgrass was started 2 weeks prior to first injection of CCl4. Group 7- Animals in this group received wheatgrass alone Y27632 at a highest dose of 80 mg/100 g b.wt. The effects of different treatments were studied on LFT, Glutathione (GSH), lipid peroxidation (LPO), Catalase and superoxide dismutase (SOD) at end of 2 weeks and 4 weeks. Histological studies were also conducted. Results: The enzyme activity of ALP, Selleck LY2157299 AST, and ALT
were increased significantly at 2 and 4 weeks as compared to values in control group. Interestingly, supplementation of wheat grass at all doses brought down the already increased activity of ALT but there was more pronounced decrease with 80 mg dose of wheat grass at both the time duration s of 2 and 4 weeks. However, AST and ALP activity was found to be decreased significantly at 4 weeks following supplementation of wheat grass at doses Resminostat ranging from 40–80 mg. Also, it was found that GSH level significantly decreased while LPO increased in CCl4 treated rats as compared to group1 (control).
In wheat grass treated groups, GSH level was increased while LPO decreased as compared to group 2. Histologically, there was necrosis, portal triaditis & lobular inflammation in CCl4 group. Therefore, protection was observed with wheat grass which may not be significant at 2 weeks but values were significant at 4 weeks. Conclusion: Wheat grass supplementation at a dose of 80 mg/100 g is effective in controlling hepatotoxicity induced by CCl4. Wheat grass and its extracts can be boon in preventing liver diseases Key Word(s): 1. Wheatgrass; 2. Carbon Tetrachloride; 3. Prevention; 4. Hepatotoxicity; Presenting Author: TAMSINNAOMI CARGILL Additional Authors: PREYA PATEL, LYNFA LANZON-MILLER, SANDRO LANZON-MILLER Corresponding Author: TAMSINNAOMI CARGILL, PREYA PATEL Affiliations: Milton Keynes Hospital Objective: Nasal bridle use is claimed to enable uninterrupted delivery of enteral nutrition and prevent unnecessary percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomies (PEGs). This study assesses the outcomes of patients fitted with nasal bridles at Milton Keynes Hospital.