In these calculations the specific density of minerals was set at

In these calculations the specific density of minerals was set at 2.65 g cm− 3 and that of organic matter at 1.35 g cm− 3 (Grabowska-Olszewska

& Siergiejew 1977). The average rate of deposition was calculated at 1.67 mm year− 1. The above rates, estimated from in situ experiments, are different from those given by Pempkowiak (1991); for muddy sediments of the southern Baltic Sea the rates vary between 0.1 and 2.3 mm year− 1. For the Gulf of Gdańsk the rates have been estimated at between 1 and 2 mm year− 1 (Szczepańska and Uścinowicz, 1994, Uścinowicz, 1997 and Witkowski and Pempkowiak, 1995). These discrepancies can be explained by the knowledge that the trapped sediment could not be compacted. Moreover, the rates calculated with selleck products NVP-BKM120 molecular weight the isotopic method may be greater, because the traps prevent erosion of freshly accumulated sediment, whereas in reality erosion processes are continually occurring in the seabed. Activity concentrations of 210Pb, both total and excess, varied exponentially along the sediment profile (Table 6, Figure 4). The respective maximum concentrations – 198.6 Bq kg− 1 and 180.1 Bq kg− 1 – were measured in the uppermost sediment layer. The minimum activity of 210Pbex (5.7 Bq kg− 1) was found at 15.6–16.8 cm depth. Activity concentrations of 214Bi, corresponding to

210Pbsupp activities, varied in a relatively narrow range from 16.1 to 23.2 Bq kg− 1

throughout the sediment profile. Such characteristics permit the CF:CS model to be applied to the assessment of accumulation rates (recent sedimentation rate) of sediments typical of a given study area. To this end, 210Pbex activity curves were drawn using the logarithmic scale as functions of sediment thickness, depth being expressed in cm and cumulative mass depth in g cm− 2 (to eliminate the nonlinear dependence between the accumulated dry mass and sediment depth due to different water contents and sediment compaction) L-gulonolactone oxidase (Figure 5). The linear rate of sediment accumulation (LAR) and sediment mass accumulation rate (MAR) were calculated using (2) and (4). The LAR of 1.61 mm year− 1 is comparable to the value determined from the in situ measurements (1.67 mm year− 1). The figure of 2.58 g m2 day− 1 obtained for MAR using 210Pb dating differs considerably from that based on precipitated material collected in the sediment traps. The mean sediment accumulation rate obtained from sediment traps was as high as 22.1 g m2 day− 1. However, the accumulation figures determined by the isotopic method were averaged over the entire period of accumulation and relate to sedimentation processes in the entire study area. In contrast to this, the results obtained in situ characterise deposition processes at a particular moment.

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