Further, we found that animals treated for a longer period of tim

Further, we found that animals treated for a longer period of time demonstrated increased survival benefit (1d versus 4d versus 7d) [5] (Figure 1). Importantly, no adverse effects of the medication were observed. Figure

1 (a) The local delivery of PBS for 7 days into PDGF-expression retrovirus-induced tumor (large arrow—injection site) demonstrates a large proliferative lesion with notable pseudopalisading necrosis (small arrows) and invasion across the corpus … Given the promising results of our preclinical Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical studies, a Phase I, dose escalation clinical trial was undertaken to treat patients with recurrent glioblastoma with CED of topotecan. Topotecan was delivered Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical to 18 patients with radiographically and pathologically confirmed recurrent high-grade glioma. While not primarily designed to test treatment efficacy, this clinical trial demonstrated that the CED of topotecan resulted in radiographic tumor regression in 69% of patients, with 25% demonstrating an early response, Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical at a drug concentration nontoxic to normal brain with minimal drug-associated systemic toxicity [6] (Figure 2). This demonstrated that CED is an effective method of bypassing the blood-brain barrier to achieve targeted antitumor effect with minimal dose-limiting toxicities. Furthermore, topotecan proved to be a potent antitumor drug when delivered

our appropriately and directly to the tumor. Figure 2 The local delivery of topotecan by convection-enhanced delivery resulted in significant survival advantage when compared to PBS treated controls. This effect was greater with longer periods of therapy. (Figure reprinted with selleck screening library permission from Lopez et al. … 4. CED as a Platform to Assess Novel Antitumor Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical Agents Various classes of drugs have been proposed

as potential antitumor agents. CED is a valuable platform to assess the feasibility of administering these agents in vivo. For example, virus-mediated gene therapy has proven to be a promising modality to allow for tumor-specific delivery of gene Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical constructs. However, the initial experience with these agents has been hindered by poor distribution [25]. We have found that CED is a viable method of distributing adenoviral particles widely across white matter tracts in a rodent GSK-3 model (Figure 3(a)). Furthermore, with the modification of these particles with supraparamagnetic iron oxide particles (Figure 5), we were able to characterize MRI signatures that would allow of the real-time monitoring of vector distribution (Figure 3(b)) [7]. Figure 3 (a) 4 patients of the 16 treated demonstrated an immediate decrease in contrast enhancing volume following CED of topotecan, classified as early responders. (b) Serial T1 weighted, contrast MRI sequences from a selected patient demonstrating significant …

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