The patient also developed macroscopic haematuria with clot reten

The patient also developed macroscopic haematuria with clot retention. CT abdomen revealed no haematoma. Empiric

antibiotics were commenced. Blood cultures subsequently grew both Enterobactor and E. coli species and both were also cultured on the urine sample taken the day prior to the biopsy. The patient required ICU admission with inotropic support. He was discharged home after one week with renal function slightly better than on admission. Histopathology revealed active pyelonephritis on a background of severe tubular atrophy and interstitial fibrosis, although rejection could not be excluded as cause of graft dysfunction. Conclusion: We report a case of asymptomatic renal allograft pyelonephritis which developed into septicaemia following an indication renal biopsy for worsening renal function. Obstruction

from haematuria may have contributed to the severity of the complication. Acute rejection as a cause SB203580 mouse of graft dysfunction was not able to be excluded. There are limited reports relating to the difficulties in differentiating pyelonephritis and cellular rejection in transplant recipients. 280 CEFEPIME RELATED INTERSTITIAL NEPHRITIS: A CASE REPORT K MAC, K HOWLIN, J WONG Department of Renal Medicine, Sydney South West Area Health Service, Australia Background: Cefepime is fourth-generation cephalosporin that is prescribed widely for severe infections varying from pyelonephritis to empirical Akt inhibition therapy for febrile neutropenia. It is well tolerated and severe adverse events are uncommon. Reversible neurotoxicity regardless of dose adjustment for renal impairment has been reported. Here we report a case of acute kidney injury (AKI) due to severe tubulointerstitial nephritis associated with long-term use of cefepime for treatment of temporal bone osteomyelitis. Case Report: A 62-year-old female with normal renal function (creatinine 70 μmol/L) received intravenous cefepime for chronic osteomyelitis of the right temporal bone. She developed dysgeusia after 2 weeks and AKI with creatinine rising up to 300 μmol/L after 6 weeks of therapy. Her medical

background included: diet controlled diabetic mellitus and well controlled hypertension. Urinalysis was bland. Autoimmune screen Endonuclease was negative. Renal biopsy confirmed tubulointerstitial nephritis. Corticosteroids were not administered given her diabetes, active infection, and prompt response to Cefepime discontinuation. She was continued on ciprofloxacin followed by oral amoxicillin. Her renal function improved but recovery remains incomplete at 6 months (creatinine 110 μmol/L). Conclusions: To our knowledge this is the first report of cefepime associated tubulointerstitial nephritis. Tubulointerstitial nephritis with cefepime neither relates to past or future beta lactam antibiotic exposure in spite of reported incidence of 10% cross sensitivity between penicillin-derivatives, cephalosporins and carbapenems.

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