Materials and Methods: Between 1999 and 2007, 4,592 consecutive patients underwent radical prostatectomy without prior radiotherapy at our institution. Data were collected from prospective surgical and institutional morbidity databases, and retrospectively from inpatient and outpatient medical and billing records. Cases were assigned a Charlson score to account for comorbidities. Complications were graded according to the modified Clavien classification.
Results: Open radical prostatectomy was performed
in 3,458 men (75%) and laparoscopic radical prostatectomy was performed in 1,134 (25%). The laparoscopic radical prostatectomy check details group included 97 robotic-assisted cases. Median patient age was 59.5 years (IQR 54.7, 64.2). Symptomatic anastomotic strictures developed in 198 patients (4%) after a median postoperative followup of 3.5 months (IQR 2.1, 6.1). On multivariate analysis significant predictors included patient age, body mass index, Charlson score, renal insufficiency, individual surgeon, surgical approach and the presence of postoperative urine leak or hematoma.
Conclusions: Patient factors as well as technical factors influence the development of symptomatic anastomotic strictures
following contemporary radical prostatectomy. The impact of these factors is influenced by the individual surgeon and the approach used.”
“Background. We investigated whether the predictive accuracy of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) for Alzheimer-type dementia (AD) in a clinical setting is dependent on age and the definition of MCI used.
Method. Non-demented subjects older than 40 (n=320) who attended a memory AG-120 manufacturer clinic of a university Doxorubicin order hospital were reassessed 5 years later for the presence of AD. MCI was diagnosed according to the criteria of amnestic MCI, mild functional impairment (MFI), ageing-associated cognitive decline (AACD), and age-associated memory impairment (AAMI). The main outcome measure was the area under the curve (AUC) of a receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. Analyses were conducted on the entire sample and on subgroups of subjects aged 40-54, 55-69 and 70-85 years.
A diagnosis of AD at follow-up was made in 58 subjects. Four of them were in the 40-54 age group, 29 in the 55-69 age group and 25 in the 70-85 age group. The diagnostic accuracy in the entire sample was low to moderately high with AUCs ranging from 0.56 (AACD) to 0.75 (amnestic MCI). A good predictive accuracy with an AUC >0.80 was only observed in subjects aged 70-85 using the criteria of amnestic MCI (AUC=0.84).
Conclusions. The predictive accuracy of MCI for AD is dependent on age and the definition of MCI used. The predictive accuracy is good only for amnestic MCI in subjects 70-85 years. As subjects with prodromal AD are often younger than 70, the usefulness of MCI as predictor of AD in clinical practice is limited.