In addition, the Ministry organized an advisory commission to sel

In addition, the Ministry organized an advisory commission to select important marine areas on the basis of integrated information on marine environments around Japan [33]. The committee employed 8 criteria to select important areas, 7 of which are based on the CBD EBSA criteria, and applied all of them to the marine areas of the Japanese coast and offshore regions within Japan׳s exclusive economic zone. In the first half of this article, progress in the quantification of each EBSA criterion in 5 different ecosystems in the Japanese Archipelago is reviewed. In the second half of this article, a simple method for integrating the 7 different criteria and different ecosystems is

proposed, and an example is provided. Finally, we discuss the possible TGF-beta inhibitor EBSA extraction process whilst simultaneously evaluating all criteria across the whole scope region and across different ecosystems, which has yet to be accomplished. The marine project of the S9 research program evaluated the CBD EBSA criteria to verify the capability of quantitative evaluation for Japanese marine environments. The following 5 important marine ecosystems have been selected for this examination: seagrass beds, seaweed Nivolumab supplier beds, coral reefs, offshore pelagic waters, and deep-sea vents and

seeps. The descriptions of indicator for each criterion can be found below and are summarized in Table 1. The quantitative variables for each CBD EBSA criterion were considered on the basis of the definitions in COP decision IX/20, annex I. This criterion is defined

as, “the area contains either (i) unique (the only one of its kind), rare (occurs only in few locations) or endemic species, populations or communities, and/or (ii) unique, rare or distinct, habitats or ecosystems; and/or (iii) unique or unusual geomorphological or oceanographic features,”[5]. This criterion is used to identify the occurrence of unique organisms such as endemic species as well as sites or habitats with unique assemblages of marine organisms (such as geomorphology). In this Bcl-w research program, only biological aspects and a corrected list of species were used for evaluation. However, it was difficult to obtain reliable information on the distribution of endemic species in many taxa. Thus, alternative approaches to select sites with unique community structure and/or population genetic structures of key species are considered. In the case of kelp forests in Hokkaido, similarity in kelp community structure was determined, and areas with higher dissimilarity from other sits were ranked higher according to this criterion. For seagrass beds in Japan, information on the center of the distribution of endemic seagrass species around the Japanese Archipelago, distribution of species in limited numbers in present habitats (e.g.

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