003 and 0 006) For example, 1 kg increase in birth weight will l

003 and 0.006). For example, 1 kg increase in birth weight will lead to 4.7 and 4.2 capillaries/mm2 decrease in BCD and MCD, respectively. Within the twin infants, there were no significant differences SCH727965 concentration in BCD or MCD between infants with LBW or NBW (mean difference 3.3 capillaries/mm2; 95% CI: −1.8 to 8.5; p = 0.19, and mean difference 3.7 capillaries/mm2; 95% CI: −3.1 to 10.5; p = 0.27, respectively), whereas in the singleton infants both BCD and MCD were significantly higher in LBW infants (mean difference

10.5 capillaries/mm2; 95% CI: 6.6–14.4; p < 0.0001, and mean difference 11.1 capillaries/mm2; 95% CI: 7.4–14.7; p < 0.0001, respectively). We could not rule out for the possibility that the lack of significant difference in BCD and MCD between twin infants with LBW or NBW was due to the small number of infants. In the whole cohort, BCD Ku-0059436 cell line (r = −0.45, p < 0.0001) and MCD (r = −0.52, p < 0.0001) were inversely correlated with birth weight (Figure 2). This is consistent with the result in Table 2. The main finding of this study is that twin infants born to normotensive mothers tend to have higher functional and structural skin capillary densities at birth compared to singleton infants. To our knowledge, this is the first study to evaluate the capillary microcirculation in twin infants and shows that they do not have capillary rarefaction at birth contrary to studies

conducted when they are older children or adults which have shown significant microvascular structural alterations including narrower retinal arterioles [37]. We have recently reported, contrary to our expectations, that LBW singleton infants do not have capillary rarefaction at birth but rather higher capillary density [1, 14]. These results suggest that genetic

factors and Vorinostat supplier not birth weight per se may have a significant role in the predisposition to adult-life cardiovascular disease and hypertension [16, 31]. Of interest in our current study is that twin infants with NBW had capillary density similar to those with LBW, and there were no significant differences in BCD or MCD between the two groups. The significance of this finding is difficult to translate but one may postulate that the remodeling of the microcirculation in twin infants with LBW may be of distinctive functional significance than in LBW singleton infants; however, longitudinal studies are necessary to further examine assumption. Another possible explanation for the higher capillary density in twin infants is the recent finding that normotensive women carrying twins had approximately twofold higher circulating angiogenic factors than did normotensive women with singleton pregnancies [33]. Several studies in singleton infants have shown a strong relationship between LBW and retinal vasculature size in older children [12, 29, 38], adolescents [17], and adults [11, 19].

Comments are closed.