Results: Twenty-three studies (n≥4675 respondents) were included

Results: Twenty-three studies (n≥4675 respondents) were included. The studies were conducted in the United Kingdom, United States, Australia, Sweden, Netherlands, and this website Iran. Four (17%) were multinational

studies. Nephrologists’ preferences varied with respect to: medical suitability – some indicated lower likelihood of recommending transplantation for patients with cardiovascular disease, diabetes, obesity, and infection; non-adherence was regarded by some as a contraindication for transplantation; and socio-demographic characteristics – patients of older age, ethnic minorities, or low socio-economic status were less likely to be recommended. Six major themes underpinned nephrologists’ perspectives: prioritising individual benefit and safety, maximising efficiency, patient accountability, justifying gains, protecting unit outcomes, and reluctance to raise patients’ expectations. Conclusions: Variability in nephrologists’ preferences may be contributing to disparities in access to transplantation. Evidence-based guidelines supplemented with pragmatic tools for determining Alvelestat purchase medical and psychosocial criteria for referral and waitlisting may support more systematic and equitable decision-making.

Continuing medical education informed by current evidence on transplant outcomes, and psychosocial and educational interventions, particularly for high-risk or disadvantaged patient populations, could help to reduce overall disparities in access to transplantation. 259 POLYCYSTIC KIDNEY DISEASE AS A RISK FACTOR FOR NEW ONSET DIABETES AFTER RENAL TRANSPLANTATION: A META-ANALYSIS J JANARDAN1, R WALKER2,3 1Department of General Medicine, The Alfred hospital, Melbourne, Victoria; 2Department of Renal Medicine, The Alfred hospital, Rho Melbourne; 3Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia Aim: A systematic review of published medical literature on autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) as a risk factor for new onset diabetes after transplantation

(NODAT) in renal transplant recipients. Background: NODAT is an important complication of renal transplantation with reported rates varying from 3% to 46%, depending on the diagnostic criteria and length of follow-up. There is conflicting data regarding the increased incidence of NODAT in patients with ADPKD. Methods: We searched the PUBMED database for studies published before February 2014. Out of 129 citations, 12 suitable studies were selected for analysis. The incidence of NODAT in patients with ADPKD was compared to patients with alternative renal pathology using odds ratio (OR) and respective 95% confidence interval (CI). Results: The analysis revealed a higher incidence of NODAT in the ADPKD population (OR: 1.15, 95% CI: 1.06–1.25).

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